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National History Museum

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Ulaanbaatar

Mongolia’s National Museum is now regarded as one of the country’s most important institutions. The museum, which is located near Ulaanbaatar’s city center, houses exhibits about Mongolia’s geography, geology, flora, wildlife, and palaeontology.
Mongolia’s history is chronicled in the museum, which spans the Stone Age to the present day. A worthwhile visit and a wonderful introduction to Mongolia. The museum provides you with all of the required information about Mongolia, including its history, geography, and culture. Prehistory, pre-Mongol Empire history, the Mongol Empire, Mongolia during Qing rule, ethnography and traditional life, and twentieth-century history are all covered in fascinating, powerful, and educational exhibitions. The museum has a large collection of historical and anthropological exhibits that date back to the time when Central Asia was originally inhabited by humans. It features exhibits spanning several millennia of Mongolian history, from the Stone Age to the Turkic and Mongol empires, the rise of Buddhism, the communist dictatorship, and a colorful exhibition of contemporary society.

800 artifacts dating from the lower Cambrian Age (500 million years ago) to the Quaternary Age (10,000 to 15,000 years ago) are on display, including vertebrate fossils, plants, leaf prints, dinosaurs, and mammals. Dinosaur skeletons and bones range in size from a few centimeters to more than 30 meters tall, with several being unique to Mongolia.

Traditional Mongolian ethnic apparel, as well as snuff bottles, are prominently displayed in the ethnographic collection. The majority of the displays have both Mongolian and English labelling.